Rome was not built in a day, and neither was its army, which is still considered to be one of the most effective and successful military organizations of all time. In five classes, the course will examine the army’s origins, command structure, decisive battles, exceptional leaders, as well as the training, equipment, and discipline of the ordinary legionary. The course will trace the army’s evolution from humble beginnings as a volunteer militia in the Kingdom period (753-509 BCE) to its increasingly pivotal role in the often turbulent political and civic events of the Republic (509-27 BCE). During the Empire (27 BCE-476 CE), the army served as the principal and often ruthless enforcer of the Roman hegemony. Its often-epic victories (and defeats), engineering achievements, and organizational efficiency stand as reminders of its historical importance to this day.
Optional Supplies: Mary Beard: SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome (Liveright, 2015)Adrian Goldsworthy: The Complete Roman Army (Thames and Hudson, 2011)
Instructor: Michael Kinnicutt
Location: Zoom Online